Oceanweather Inc. (OWI) "WIN" and "PRE" file formats as supported in ADCIRC
NWS12 uses the fort.22 file as a control file because the OWI format supports individual files for wind and pressure inputs as well as multiple grid overlays of varying resolutions.
NWSET NWBS DWM <...to be expanded in new verions>
- NWSET is the number of nested grid overlays
- NWBS is the number of "blank" (constant 0 m/s wind speed and 1013mb pressure) timesteps to insert
- DWM is a wind multiplier to modify the wind speed magnitudes. Generally this should be set to 1 if using inputs sourced from OWI or if winds can be considered "marine exposure", with an averaging period between 10-min and 3-hrs at a height of 10 meters.
NWS12 WIN/PRE text files containing wind and pressure data should be named fort.22[1-4], as follows in order of increasing precedence in application to the ADCIRC mesh:
- fort.221: Largest scale pressure (mb) fields
- fort.222: Largest scale wind vector (m/s) fields
- fort.223: Finer scale pressure (mb) fields
- fort.224: Finer scale wind vector (m/s) fields
- ...to be expanded in new versions
WTIMINC in fort.15
Although the WIN/PRE files contain datetime and timestepping information for the input data, WTIMINC must be set to the timestep of the input files. This limitation locks all nested grid inputs to the same input timesteps, and requires that the input timesteps are constant for the duration of the input files.
Winds and pressure data formats are similar. The header format is the same, but in the wind file the header is followed by U then V components while in the pressure file the header is followed by just pressures.
The file begins with a header indicating the starting and ending dates and is followed by a grid/date header for each time step and the u and v components of the wind in meters/second or pressures in millibars. Starting/Ending dates are in YYYYMMDDHH format where:
YYYY 4-character Year MM 2-character Month DD 2-character Day HH 2-character Hour
OWI WWS Wind Output Ucomp,Vcomp in m/s Start:1995060600 End:1995060600 iLat= 67iLong= 67DX= 1.250DY= .833SWLat= 22.500SWlon= -82.500Dt=199506060000 -1.16856 -1.06439 -.84875 -1.03460 -1.50047 -2.09462 -2.80243 -3.55863 -4.24125 -4.84273 -5.59486 -5.37088 -5.30224 -5.12534 -4.89537 -4.67412 -4.49203 -4.35772 -4.26612 -4.20260 -4.14746 -4.08396 -4.00686 -3.92213 -3.83615 -3.74765 -3.65182 -3.54998 -3.45299 -3.37660 -3.32959 -3.28037 -3.10631 -2.67723 -2.08363 -1.53773 -1.12623 -.83526 -.62870 -.47371 [rest deleted]
- iLat is the number of parallels
- iLong is the number of meridions
- DX is the grid spacing in degrees of longitude
- DY is the grid spacing in degrees of latitude
- SWLat is the latitude of the South West corner
- SWlon is the longitude of the South West corner
- Dt is the date/time in YYYYMMDDHHmm (same as master header date format but with mm Minutes as well)
The number of grid points is iLat*iLong, the u component of the winds in meters/second is followed by the v component.
Sample fortran to read a win file (first time step only):
c Read in begining/ending dates of win file 10 format (t56,i10,t71,i10) read (20,10) date1,date2
c Read Grid Specifications/Date 11 format (t6,i4,t16,i4,t23,f6.0,t32,f6.0,t44,f8.0,t58,f8.0,t69,i10,i2) read (20,11) iLat, iLong, dx, dy, swlat, swlong, lCYMDH, iMin
c Read U/V Components of the wind 12 format (8f10.0) read (20,12) ((uu(i,j),i=1,ilong),j=1,ilat) read (20,12) ((vv(i,j),i=1,ilong),j=1,ilat)
Latitude and Longitude for each point can be calculated as follows:
do 20 icnt = 1,iLat slat(icnt) = SWlat + (icnt - 1) * DY 20 continue
do 30 jcnt = 1,iLong slon(jcnt) = SWlong + (jcnt - 1) * DX 30 continue