ESLM indicates a spatially constant horizontal eddy viscosity with dimensions [L²/T]. A negative value of
ESLM invokes the Smagorinsky-type turbulence closure model using a spatially constant coefficient equal to the absolute value of
ESLM. Users should refer to the horizontal eddy viscosity section for more information.
- Smagorinsky, J. “General Circulation Experiments with the Primitive Equations.” Monthly Weather Review 91, no. 3 (March 1, 1963): 99–164. https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1963)091<0099:GCEWTP>2.3.CO;2.