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The fort.rotm file is used to rotate the geographical coordinates on the Spherical Earth (see ICS for details on how to specify that rotation is desired). Rotation is typically desired in order to move the North Pole from the ocean onto land (and keep the South Pole on land) so that the singularity in the Spherical coordinate form of the governing equations is removed (see the File Format Examples section below for examples of valid rotations that achieve this goal).

File Format

File format is short but there are three variants. General format is: first line is a string indicating format type, following lines are the values.

  1. znorth_in_spherical_coors
    lon0 lat0 ! Comment: lon0 lat0 is the center of the new north pole
  2. z-x-z
    alpha beta gamma ! Comment: intrinsic rotation of alpha, beta, gamma
  3. rotation_matrix
    rot11 rot12 rot13
    rot21 rot22 rot23
    rot31 rot32 rot33
    ! Comment: a rotation matrix R: x-> x' is given

File Format Examples

The following examples ensure that both poles are rotated onto land. The results should stay effectively the same no matter the choice.

  • znorth_in_spherical_coors
    -42.8906 72.3200  ! Greenland-Antarctica
  • znorth_in_spherical_coors
    112.8516 40.3289  ! China-Argentina
  • znorth_in_spherical_coors
    114.16991 0.77432  ! Borneo-Brazil